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ۼ : 17-12-25 21:30
[Ÿ] ȫ ֱ ڹٲ
 ۾ : ߰︲ (82..50.97)
ȸ : 893   õ : 0  
ε ٸ ȫ 3 ȫ

ȫ (ު)ȿ ô ִ ȿ. ȫ (ߣ) ¾ ߱ Ǫ() ̻(ߣ) () (μ) ãҴ. 1999 躹 ̻ ڶ ִ . ڿȣ ϴ Ż ιƮ (Robert Fortune1812〜1880) 1848 3⿡ ϰ ҹ ǿ Ʈ츶 㰡 ܱ . 걹 ƴ ߱ ġ ȫ ȭ ֵ ־ ߱ Դ ε ϰڴٴ 19 εȸ(East India Company) ߸ ۵ƴ.

 

Ǫ , Ʈ츶

1600 1231 ں 1 Ư㸦 ޾ εȸ ƽþƿ ε 㰡 Ģ()μ 1680 ¡ǰ ο ÷̾. 1757 û ϰ 㰡 ռ() () ױ ȫ ϴ εȸ ڸ ε ߴ. û Ź й ϸ鼭 û ƴ.

ߵ װų Ǵ Ÿ ij ű ִ εȸ شȭ ظ ܸߴ. û ȸ 80% ߵڿٴ ϵ ִ. ˷ 1 ߿£ Ͻ ٸ ױ ߱ ŷ Ϸ ޼ ġ ߺ ε. ϴ û ͺ 뷮 ҹ ״. 氪 ̻ εȸ ȫ ؾ߸ ߴ.

û󿡼 ȫ ϴ Ĺ ε ȫ ڱ ǥ εȸ ȹ . ÷A 罺(Bruce) ߰ ε ƻ Ű ȫ ϴ ̾. 1778 ũ(Joseph Banks) ε ִٰ ó , ٰ Ǵ εȸ ѵ ߴ. û ġ 尨 ȫ Կ ҾȿҰ Ŀ鼭 1835 ˷ 罺(CA Bruce) ȸ ߴ.

ιƮ ( °) ڵ ©

 

1838 ε ƻ ҷ ȫ ȫ ߴ 罺 ȫ 1848 1 ߱ ȫ Ÿ ؿ ӹ. εȸ ؿܹ ϰ û󿡼 ڸ Ŀ ÷B ߴ. ޵ Ĺ ɲ ʿߴ εȸ ִ ؿܽĹ ̽ ոȸ Ҽ Ĺ ιƮ ῡ ׿ ߱ Ĺ οƼ ϸ ε Ĺ ɲۡ ӹ οߴ.

Ĺ ϱ ÿ (Chelsea Physic Garden) ٹϴ ιƮ 1843 3 ոȸ Ŀ ޾ Ĺڷμ ߱ ٳ ־. 1848 9 ̿ ιƮ û ߷ ϰ ߱ ְ ȫ ̻꿡 ߴ. ̻ Ǵ ҿ(Lapsang Souchong) Ҹ α ִ ְ ȫ. 强 ʸ Ϲ濡 ιƮ û п ٸ ǽ Ű û ־. 13000׷簡 Ѵ ڸ ̸ ȫ ƿԴ.

丮 ô ְ ߸ǰ ̽(Wardian Case޴ ½) ϰ ڸ Ǿ ε ιƮ Ȳ ҽ ߴ. ȫῡ ε ؾ 谡 ī ȸ Ӵ ε 1 ױ īŸ ̽ ó Ѳ Ȯϰ ָ Ǵ ֵ ߴٴ ̾. εȸ Ҽ ķ ڻ簡 ٸ ٸ(Darjeeling) ̿ ä ܿ 1000׷縸 Ƴ ̽ Ȱ ߴ. 80 ڹǿ Ľų ־.

ٽ ĵ ιƮ 2 ׷ ڸ ũ Ǿ ̷ ߴ. ϴ Կ ιƮ ʿ ߴ. ȫ 6 ϰ ̿ 2 Բ Ϸȣ ž½ 1851 ε ´. ߱ 12828׷簡 ع 2045m ٸ 뿡 Ѹȴ. ķ ڻ ڿ ߾ ϵ 뷮Ŀ ߴ. 1860 ġ ٸ ȫ õƴ. ̾ 罺 ϴ ε ƻ ƻ ȫ 뷮 ƴ. û ϴ ȫ ȭ .

ȫ

 

߱ ٸ ȫ

3 ȫ ޴ ٸ ȫ ιƮ й ߱ ߱ ڷκ ߴ. εȸ縦 Ų ιƮ Ϸ ̱ Ư繫ҿ й а ΰ 1858 34 ٽ ̻ ߴ. 6 ģ ۾ ̱ , ̱ £ ۽̸ ߴ. Ϲ̴ ִ ̱ 콺ijѶ̳ Ƽ (Charleston Tea Farm) ڶ Ϻδ ιƮ ҹ ä .

ܱ ϴ ˹Ҹ ܱο ֹε ã . پڴٴ ¿ εȸ翡 ȫ Ĺ ε ƽþƱ ī ɳ 뷮ȴ. ȫ ̶ ν ȿϴ.



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Total 418
ȣ     ۾ ¥ ȸ õ
[] - ħ ö α ghlagh 2018-10-25 425 1
[Ÿ] ڽ 丮 - 丮 / ũ (2) ghlagh 2018-10-25 296 1
[] (4) ghlagh 2018-10-23 619 1
418 [] 丮 ϳ ÿ ƽó?? 2019-04-17 32 1
417 [Ÿ] ! ! ڳ 缭 ȿ ڳӿ š 2019-04-16 52 0
416 [] ϰ  (2) 2019-04-11 56 1
415 [Ÿ] ݸ ġ Ը 3% ʡ ߰︲ 2019-04-08 23 0
414 [Ÿ] Ȥ ξ 缭 ̳? (5) 2019-04-07 78 0
413 [] ̳ ױ (2) 2019-04-04 132 1
412 [Ÿ] 300 Ӽ Ρ̹ '߷ν ߰︲ 2018-12-09 243 0
411 [Ÿ] [, ñ] dz ٽ ұ ߰︲ 2018-12-03 208 0
410 [Ÿ] ' ... ѡ ߰︲ 2018-11-20 257 0
409 [] - ħ ö α ghlagh 2018-10-25 425 1
408 [Ÿ] ڽ 丮 - 丮 / ũ (2) ghlagh 2018-10-25 296 1
407 [] (4) ghlagh 2018-10-23 619 1
406 [Ÿ] ڽ ֹ ^^ (1) ghlagh 2018-10-19 190 1
405 [] ̽ , 61 䡤 ߰︲ 2018-10-11 291 0
404 [Ÿ] ̽ũ , 汹鿡 ߰︲ 2018-07-23 570 0
403 [Ÿ] ϸ ? ߰︲ 2018-05-17 793 0
402 [Ÿ] Ǯ Ǫ (1) ߰︲ 2018-04-25 739 0
401 [] Ÿ ^^ -> ٽ Ʈ (4 1 (3) ghlagh 2018-03-23 1100 1
400 [] ġ /  (3) ghlagh 2018-03-12 822 1
399 [] ڷ ϰ ݼ (2) ghlagh 2018-02-03 850 1
 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10